Monday, December 9, 2019
Question: Discuss that outline of annotated bibliography is a synthesized paper? Answer: Introduction Thesis Statement The outline of annotated bibliography is a synthesized paper that will be made in order to express the details of the three articles. The information from the three articles was used as resources for construction of the outline (Lilienfeld et al., 2012). The information that will be included in the paper is the identification of the common themes of the three articles and the construction of a conclusion statement which is common to all the three articles (Odom, Boyd Williams, 2012). The three articles are viewed as a single entity. The three articles have tried to identify the personality traits of leaders (Bezdjian, Tuvblad, Raine Baker, 2011). Discussion 1. The first article " Fearless dominance and the U.S. presidency: Implications of psychopathic personality traits for successful and unsuccessful political leadership. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology." a.) The first article has tried to identify the psychopathic personality traits. i. The major personality types that bear key influence on the political leadership are considered as the successful traits. The traits include interpersonal dominance, venturesomeness and persuasiveness. These traits help the leaders to acquire the political power that results in successful leadership (Edens, Buffington Tomicic, 2000). ii. The article has identified the disorders that differentiate leaders from the psychopaths. For this purpose, factor analysis of PPI (Psychopathic Personality inventory) has been conducted in a community that reflects the higher order dimensions of fearless dominance and impulsive ant sociality. The personality traits that affect the performance at job and leadership have been examined with a sample that comprises of individuals with unsuccessful behaviors and successful behaviors. 121 recruited experts were studied for this study and a 596 items questionnaire was completed to study the personality. The article discussed the NEO revised inventory personality and its relation to the psychopathic traits (Lilienfeld et al., 2012). 2. The second article - "Leadership styles and associated personality traits: Support for the conceptualisation of transactional and transformational leadership. South African Journal of Psychology." a.) The article provides a description of the various styles of leadership which includes transactional style of leadership, transformational style of leadership and the laissez faire style of leadership. The transformational leaders possess a charismatic personality that influences and stimulates the followers. Transactional leaders tend to involve a social change process and the followers are a part of the entire process. They receive rewards or punishments on the basis of the commitment. A passive leader lacks leadership and the style is followed for self management (Bezdjian, Tuvblad, Raine Baker, 2011). b.) The association of the behavioral styles with the type of leadership has been found. An intervention has been conducted to analyze the impact of management style on the performance of the team and the organization. The results from the assessment have been analyzed. It has identified the differences in the personality traits of managers in various segments of the business (van Eeden, Cilliers van Deventer, 2008). 3.) Article 3 - "Impact of Personal Growth Projects on Leadership Identity Development. Journal of Leadership Education." a.) The article has identified the impact of leadership program on the personal growth of an individual. The various programs on leadership tend to imbibe positive growth on the personality. The PGP programs increases the self awareness, self confidence and the interpersonal efficiency. b.) The various instructional strategies tend to develop the self awareness, interpersonal efficiency, self confidence and motivation among the students. The best strategy that results in greatest advantage to the development of identity of the individual has been stated. The training of leadership that will offer better results has been stated (Odom, Boyd Williams, 2012). The main theme of the three articles is to identify the personality traits that govern the leadership type. The personality traits that are related to the leadership type have been identified. The first article has emphasized on identification of the type of personality that plays a major role in the development of political leadership (Schmid, 2006). The three articles have tried to identify the major influences on the leadership styles. The three articles are based share the common information which is based on the identification of the major influences on the style of leadership. The articles have described the personality traits that are responsible for the diverse range of leadership. In this respect the personality traits of the transformational leaders and the transactional leaders has been stated. The social ethics that influence the development of the behavioral traits has been identified. The personality traits of passive leadership style have also been identified. The psyc hopathic personality trait that differentiates one leader from the other has been identified. The various dimensions that affect the personality trait have been identified via factor analysis. The behavioral traits related to psychopaths have identified the unsuccessful actions. Psychopathy has also tried to identify the traits that results in behavior that are socially successful. The three articles have identified common traits that are seen among the leaders. They are interpersonal dominance, venturesomeness, persuasiveness that results in the acquisition of political power which is necessary to become a successful leader (Schmid, 2006). The common themes of the three articles are the major personality trait that develops the leadership style. The variances in the style of leadership are a result of the influence of the training programs on the students. The successful and the unsuccessful traits results in the development of the type of leadership. The variances in the personality and behavioral traits results in the development of transactional leaders, transformational leaders and passive leaders (Moors, 2012) . Conclusion The paper includes an analysis of the various factors that leads to the development of leadership style. The purpose of the study is to synthesize a common theme behind the proposition of the articles. The main proposition of the articles has been validated with study of the personality traits of specific group. Author has also used to intervention to validate the proposition in the study. The major area of concern of the author is to identify the unsuccessful actions and successful actions that results in the development of the leadership style. From the three articles it can be said that the personality development programs plays a major role in the development of leadership traits. The style of leadership is identified by a combination of successful actions and unsuccessful actions. References Bezdjian, S., Tuvblad, C., Raine, A., Baker, L. (2011). The Genetic and Environmental Covariation Among Psychopathic Personality Traits, and Reactive and Proactive Aggression in Childhood.Child Development,82(4), 1267-1281. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8624.2011.01598.x Edens, J., Buffington, J., Tomicic, T. (2000). An Investigation of the Relationship between Psychopathic Traits and Malingering on the Psychopathic Personality Inventory.Assessment,7(3), 281-296. doi:10.1177/107319110000700307 Lilienfeld, S., Waldman, I., Landfield, K., Watts, A., Rubenzer, S., Faschingbauer, T. (2012). Fearless dominance and the U.S. presidency: Implications of psychopathic personality traits for successful and unsuccessful political leadership.Journal Of Personality And Social Psychology,103(3), 489-505. doi:10.1037/a0029392 Moors, G. (2012). The effect of response style bias on the measurement of transformational, transactional, and laissez-faire leadership.European Journal Of Work And Organizational Psychology,21(2), 271-298. doi:10.1080/1359432x.2010.550680 Odom, S., Boyd, B., Williams, J. (2012). Impact of Personal Growth Projects on Leadership Identity Development.Journal Of Leadership Education,11(1), 49-63. doi:10.12806/v11/i1/rf3 Othman, J., Mohammed, K., DSilva, J. (2012). Does a Transformational and Transactional Leadership Style Predict Organizational Commitment among Public University Lecturers in Nigeria?.Asian Social Science,9(1). doi:10.5539/ass.v9n1p165 Schmid, H. (2006). Leadership styles and leadership change in human and community service organizations.Nonprofit Management Leadership,17(2), 179-194. doi:10.1002/nml.142 van Eeden, R., Cilliers, F., van Deventer, V. (2008). Leadership Styles and Associated Personality Traits: Support for the Conceptualisation of Transactional and Transformational Leadership.South African Journal Of Psychology,38(2), 253-267. doi:10.1177/008124630803800201
Monday, December 2, 2019
ESL is the acronym for English as the Second Language. It is usually a program that helps foreigners in English speaking countries to learn the language in a systematic way.Advertising We will write a custom critical writing sample on Teaching and Testing the English Vocabulary specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The students are typically learning the basics of the language so that they can have confidence in their accomplishments career wise. They also learn some cultural attributes of the country so that they acquaint themselves with the basic information (GarcÃ a Mayo and Garcia Lecumberri, 2003). Speaking a second or foreign language is usually a daunting task, but it makes one appreciate other peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s style. There are primary schools that have such programs to enable the non-citizens to get used to the English language and be able to adapt quickly to the new system. Other countries that do not speak English can also h ave an arrangement to aid citizens who wish to learn the language in preparation for international engagements (Mohan, Leung and Davison, 2001). Students would have to learn the English alphabet and some nouns. Vowels are also important because they help form a word and or a sentence. They have to learn how to pronounce letters, words and read short sentences as beginners. Some assignments would also help them to test their memory. The teacher can also be asking each student to read some words and phrases loudly in class as others listen. The students would also need visual charts on the walls of the classroom. The charts would support the studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ learning skills. When the students enter their classrooms they can have some visual reminders (Copper, 2002). The teacher in charge would have to keep up with the recap of previous lessons.Advertising Looking for critical writing on education? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The English grammar has idioms, vocabulary, phrasal verbs, adjectives, and among other complex tools that make the language and or the subject very attractive. It is also one of the widest spoken languages in the world (Shastri, 2010). Teaching vocabularies is also one very difficult but exciting task. One needs to prepare some vocabulary words at a time. It may not be easy for the young minds to grasp many things at once. The teacher can introduce the words one by one in each class session (Hugo, 2009). There are normally classes for beginners, intermediate, and advanced level students. The more the student advances from one level to the next the more difficult the words that the teacher introduces. Learners appreciate gradual development of the language aids because it helps in their improvement of the language. Some learning institutions have installed modern technology in their primary level classrooms. One may find computers, laptops and accessibility to the internet. Students in such institutions could even have online teaching aids. They can quickly log in and recap on what they have learned in class or even advance ahead of the class by learning more helpful tips to the language knowledge (BavaHarji, Letchumanan and Bhar, 2014). The class assignments would help the teacher know how well the students understand their lessons. The tutor can prepare those assignments after every lesson, weekly and monthly. The teacher can also give homework for the students to have some busy learning time at home (Abbasnasab Sardareh and Rashid Mohd Saad, 2013). At the end of every term, the teacher and the learning institution can also arrange to have end term exams. The results of the marking of those exams can help make a judgment on the learning experiences of the students. The teacher can then know what to revise and begin with for the next term.Advertising We will write a custom critical writing sample on Teaching and Testing the English Vocabulary specificall y for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More It is not an easy task for teachers. It requires patience, commitment, and sacrifice. But after the classes are over, the effort brings out positive results. The students have to know how to communicate using the English vocabulary. References Abbasnasab Sardareh, S. and Rashid Mohd Saad, M. (2013). Malaysian PrimaryÃ School ESL TeachersÃ¢â¬â¢ Questions during Assessment for Learning. English Language Teaching, 6(8). BavaHarji, M., Letchumanan, K. and Bhar, S. (2014). Feasibility of Building BridgesÃ Between School and Homes in Developing ESL Literacy: The SPIRE Project. English Language Teaching, 7(9). Copper, L. (2002). Cross-cultural preference of visual information in primary school ESLÃ children. Proc. Am. Soc. Info. Sci. Tech., 39(1), pp.359-364. GarcÃ a Mayo, M. and Garcia Lecumberri, M. (2003). Age and the acquisition of EnglishÃ as a foreign language. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters. Hugo, A. (2009). Primary school teachersÃ¢â¬â¢ opinions of their ESL learnersÃ¢â¬â¢ languageÃ abilities. J. Lang. Teach., 42(2). Mohan, B., Leung, C. and Davison, C. (2001). English as a second language in theÃ mainstream. Harlow, England: Longman.Advertising Looking for critical writing on education? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Shastri, P. (2010). Communicative approach to the teaching of English as a secondÃ language. Mumbai: Himalaya Pub. House. This critical writing on Teaching and Testing the English Vocabulary was written and submitted by user Duncan Mccall to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Wednesday, November 27, 2019
Cloud Ingredients and Formation We all know what clouds are- visible collections of tiny water droplets (or ice crystals if its cold enough) that live high in the atmosphere above the Earths surface. But do you know how a cloud forms? In able for a cloud to form, several ingredients must be in place: watercooling air temperaturea surface to form on (nuclei) Once these ingredients are in place, they follow this process to form a cloud: Step 1: Change Water Vapor into Liquid Water Although we cant see it, the first ingredient water is always present in the atmosphere asÃ water vapor (a gas). But in order to grow a cloud, we need to get the water vapor from a gas to its liquid form. Clouds begin to form when a parcel of air rises from the surface up into the atmosphere. (Air does this in a number of ways, including being lifted up mountainsides, lifted up weather fronts, and being pushed together by converging air masses.) As the parcel ascends, it passes through lower and lower pressure levels (since pressure decreases with height). Recall that air tends to move from higher to lower pressure areas, so as the parcel travels into lower pressure areas, the air inside of it pushes outward, causing it to expand. It takes heat energy for this expansion to take place, and so the air parcel cools a bit. The further upward the air parcel travels, the more it cools. Cool air cant hold as much water vapor as warm air, so when its temperature cools down to the dew point temperature, the water vapor inside of the parcel becomes saturated (its relative humidity equals 100%) and Ã¢â¬â¹condenses into droplets of liquid water. But by themselves, water molecules are too small to stick together and form cloud droplets. They need a larger, flatter surface on which they can collect. Step 2: Give Water Something to Sit on (Nuclei) In able for water droplets to form cloud droplets,Ã they must have something- some surface- to condenseÃ on. Those somethings are tiny particles known as aerosols orÃ condensation nuclei. Just like the nucleus is the core or center of a cell in biology, cloud nuclei, are the centers of cloud droplets, and it is from this that they take their name. (Thats right, every cloud has a speck of dirt, dust, or salt at its center!) Cloud nuclei are solid particles like dust, pollen, dirt, smoke (fromÃ forest fires, car exhaust, volcanoes, and coal-burning furnaces, etc.), and sea salt (from breaking ocean waves)Ã that are suspended in the air thanks to Mother Nature and us humans who put them there. Other particles in the atmosphere, including bacteria, can also play a role in serving as condensation nuclei. While we usually think of them as pollutants, they serve a key role in growing clouds because theyre hygroscopic- they attract water molecules. Step 3: A Cloud is Born! It is at this point- when water vapor condenses and settles onto condensation nuclei- that clouds form and become visible. (Thats right, every cloud has a speck of dirt, dust, or salt at its center!) Newly formed clouds will often have crisp, well-defined edges. The type of cloud and altitude (low, middle, or high) it forms at is determined by the level where an air parcel becomes saturated. This level changes based on things like temperature, dew point temperature, and how fast or slow the parcel cools with increasing elevation, known as lapse rate. What Makes Clouds Dissipate? If clouds form when water vapor cools and condenses, it only makes sense that they dissipate when the opposite happens- that is, when the air warms and evaporates. How does this happen? Because the atmosphere is always in motion, drier air follows behind the rising air so that both condensation and evaporation continually occur. When theres more evaporation taking place than condensation, the cloud will return once again become invisible moisture. Now that you know how clouds form in the atmosphere, learn to simulate cloud formation by making a cloud in a bottle. Edited by Tiffany Means
Saturday, November 23, 2019
How Not to Be an Outcast in College Being an outcast, or socially inept in college is rather costly. It translates into a less productive and memorable college experience. Whatever, but if thatÃ¢â¬â¢s something you would rather learn to avoid, then this article is for you. Though itÃ¢â¬â¢s a subjective topic, hereÃ¢â¬â¢s a step by step breakdown of your typical anti-outcast college strategy. 1. Work on You First The only thing that separates you from anything, any goal or objective, is you. Within reason of course. But there are no real walls between you and a robust social life in college. The only thing in your way is your unique Ã¢â¬Å"narrativeÃ¢â¬ that you define yourself with. Change that first. Work on you first. If your attitude is horrible, nothing else you do will help all that much anyway. 2. Read Some Dale Carnegie If youÃ¢â¬â¢re a college student today, chances are good olÃ¢â¬â¢ Dale is a bit before your time. Whether you buy it as an eBook or paperback, read this: How to Win Friends and Influence People. If this were the only book you ever read for personal gain, itÃ¢â¬â¢s the perfect choice. Odds are just like the countless millions before you, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll not only read it again, but take notes and memorize his simple concepts as well. If readin Dale Carnegie is too much for you at the moment, at least read our article on how to deal with having no friends in college. 3. Be the Good Servant At all times be looking for ways to be of service to people without causing them to lose face in any way, or put yourself in a position where you end up getting taken advantage of. When you do get the chance to be of service, go above and beyond 100% of the time. Both Dale Carnegie and Napoleon Hill are big fans of the parable (New Testament). Seriously: If you develop this practice into a habit and stick to it, you will undoubtedly live a prosperous life and make many friends throughout your life. Though many people think that making friends after college is a struggle it is not really so. No matter what it is, go above and beyond without asking for extra pay or recognition. 4. Grow Up Ã¢â¬Å"Grow upÃ¢â¬ could mean all kinds of things. In this context, weÃ¢â¬â¢re referring to how you choose to project yourself to other people via your outward appearance. It doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t mean caving in completely, or totally selling out. It just means telling the world around you that you respect yourself. By all means sport some personality in your style, but make sure itÃ¢â¬â¢s clean. If you donÃ¢â¬â¢t take yourself seriously, hardly anyone else will. 5. Say These Two Things All the Time LetÃ¢â¬â¢s be clear, these are affirmations and thereÃ¢â¬â¢s absolutely no question that they work miracles. Successful and worldly well-connected people use them every day of their lives. However, when you say these two things to yourself on a consistent basis (10 times a day in the beginning) embody them. Get into it! Make it real! Every day I meet the perfect people for me. No matter what I choose to do or say, the right people see and hear me. 6. Remember This Statement Check this out, and no, we havenÃ¢â¬â¢t the slightest clue who the quote originates from: Ã¢â¬Å"I am not what I think I am, and I am not what they think I am. I am what I think that they think I am.Ã¢â¬ Once the depth of that statement hits you and you really get it, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll never be the same. What you think people think about you (if they think about you at all) is almost complete rubbish. Yet, how much of what we say, do and think every day is influenced by this self-imposed illusion? Get it straight because this is reality: people really care about just one thing (themselves) no matter how you slice it. Regardless of how noble or righteous, at the end of the day all we really experience in this life is ourselves and no one else. 7. Play to Your Strengths In light of the last statement, you should obviously play to your own unique traits (strengths). YouÃ¢â¬â¢re the only thing that sets you apart from everyone else, so express you and be unafraid. If itÃ¢â¬â¢s respect you want, this is the most direct route. When you play to your strengths and stand as yourself, unafraid before the insecure eyes of your peers, they will not only be drawn to you but regard you as a Ã¢â¬Å"really cool personÃ¢â¬ in that neutral sense that appeals to everyone. 8. Understand the 6 Human Needs The more you know about what every human being needs, the more equipped you are to use this knowledge to your benefit (and theirs). Comfort Uncertainty/Variety Love Growth Contribution Love/Connection As you can see, 99% of what it takes to avoid being an outcast in college is psychological in nature. And no, that doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t mean we think you should be a psych-major. What do you think, did we nail it? Tell us in the comments!
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Critical analysis Journal opinion article Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words
Critical analysis Journal opinion article - Essay Example The economies will be fully employed, allowing them to attain their potential in offering jobs and raise the income of their inhabitants. These will play a key role in helping generate high growth levels in cities, contributing to overall advancement of the entire economy (Sparshott). The latest outlooks evident in the case of American cities are optimistic, although some urban areas as well as their suburbs have populations representing about 86 percent of the regionsÃ¢â¬â¢ population, while 88 percent are employed in nonfarm sectors. Even though more than half of the cities have attained record levels of employment, about one-third are anticipated to fail reaching this level when 2016 ends. Moreover, approximately 130 metropolitan areas are anticipated to penetrate the market in 2017, although they will be supporting few jobs unlike the case of the past decades. The areas that are recovering at the slowest rates are the older Midwestern regions, which were negatively influenced when the region lost a large number of jobs offered by the manufacturing sector. The deteriorating infrastructure and aging population will also play a role in preventing these areas from recovering, making them rank behind the top-advancing cities in the U.S. (Sparshott). In a different perspective, the boom witnessed in the oil sector, which played a key role in allowing certain cities in the U.S. boost their performance, is currently reversing progress. For instance, Midland, Texas portrayed fastest growth in 2014, but this is not the case presently. However, in 2015, the employment and economy of the metropolitan are anticipated to slow down and contract at the start of 2016. Overall, however, the cities in the U.S. are playing a key role in driving the growth of the economy, thus paving the way towards the recovery process. Moreover, even though some
Tuesday, November 19, 2019
Qustions - Essay Example The health system is a formal and orderly process made to function through the expertise and corresponding functions of health professionals involved in the care of patients. 3. HIV prevention mainly relates to health education. There is no other way to prevent HIV than by the education of the people about the disease, its causes, mode of transmission, and means of prevention. HIV prevention involves the active process of informing other people Ã¢â¬â children, adolescents, and adults Ã¢â¬â about the disease and how they can avoid getting it and how they can prevent its spread. This process can entail involving oneself in lectures in schools and health centers; making posters, pamphlets, and other educational materials on HIV and posting or making such materials available in schools, clinics, health centers, town halls, pharmacies, and other public institutions. 4. Informatics health is the process of digitizing the health system or process. It is about bringing health care services and the system online and accessible to the public. Informatics health is about using computers in data entry in hospitals and other health care institutions. It is about using such data to make a more dynamic and technologically updated process in health care delivery. My motivation in life and in enrolling in this course is my need to prove that learning can occur and can still happen at any age or stage of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s life. I also want to learn more and to learn as much as I can about the practice and about the innovations available in the practice. Learning is a powerful motivator for me because it is a very engaging and invigorating process for me. I managed to attain a Bachelor Degree in Laboratory Medicine in the year 2005-2006 and I followed that with a year of internship in a hospital. Such internship enabled me to acquire practical experience. It taught me numerous skills Ã¢â¬â skills that I was not able to gain in my classes. In order to enhance my
Sunday, November 17, 2019
The Most Disturbing Place I Have Ever Been to Essay Going to jail was no fun. It started off with a police officer placing me in handcuffs. The handcuffs were so tight that my hands went numb. Then I took a long ride in the back of a police car. I had to lean to the side so that I could ease the pressure of the handcuffs on my wrists. Next I arrived at the inmate-processing center. From the moment the door closed behind me, I was treated like inventory. I was photographed. I was fingerprinted. My money and car keys were taken. I was assigned a number so that I could be tracked and identified. I was placed in a cold cell made of concrete. I sat and waited for hours. I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t know what was going to happen next. I lost track of time because there were no clocks on the wall. I couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t tell if it was day or night. Jail is the most disturbing place I have ever been to. Then my name was called. An officer ordered me to line up against a wall along with eight other inmates. This became one of the worst times in my life. I was strip-searched. A group of officers ordered all inmates on the wall to get completely naked. One officer approached me and searched my clothes and shoes. Then he looked in my mouth and ears. He made me lift my private parts so that he could see down there. He ordered me to turn around and bend over. He took a quick look at my anal area. It seemed like minutes to me. I was totally embarrassed. Next I had to go through the rest of the inmate processing procedure. I was taken to a medical room to talk to a nurse and inform her of any problems I had. Then I was moved to a room where I could be classified according to my charge. Next I had to go to the shower room to clean up. I was only allowed a two minute shower. My clothes, including underwear, were taken. My underwear had color in them. I was not allowed to have colored underwear or colored socks. I was given a jail uniform that was too small. Then I was given one bologna and cheese sandwich. The guards didnÃ¢â¬â¢t care. Finally I was assigned to a permanent floor and tank. The tank held about twenty-five inmates. There was no privacy. It was overcrowded. Some inmates had to sleep on the floor, including me. There was one pay phone. Inmates argued over phone time. There were three toilets sitting out in the open. If I had to use the restroom, I had to use it in front of the other inmates. There was only one television. The guards controlled what I watched on television and when I watched it. I didnt get to make any decisions at all. Absolutely everything was decided for me. The guards told me when to get up, when to eat, when to exercise, when to shower, and when to sleep. I was in jail for three days. Jail is still the most disturbing place I have ever been to.